Youtube blogger @ Neil Halloran and the Nobel Peace Prize research unit decided to use animation to answer this question. They jointly conducted research and calculations on the nuclear explosion, and finally this month,
Youtube博客@ Neil Halloran和诺贝尔和平奖研究部门决定使用动画来回答这个问题。他们联合进行了核爆炸的研究和计算，最后在这个月，
The moment the nuclear bomb was detonated in the animation, a "hot glowing sphere" swallowed the city center, and a city has since become a purgatory on earth.
This city looked like this before it was bombed by nuclear weapons, with a population of 4 million:
There are commercial streets, residential areas, schools and companies, no different from the city we live in. And people walking on the street don’t know what will happen to this "ordinary day":
At this time, 500 meters above the city, an 800-kiloton warhead appeared. This is the most common specification today. It is nearly 50 times more powerful than the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima that year.
This time the animation simulates a detonation in the air. At the moment the nuclear weapon exploded, it produced a "ball of fire" as hot as the sun with a radius of about 800 meters:
From this moment on, people in this city have died in different ways.
When a nuclear bomb explodes, it will release energy rapidly. The high temperature and high pressure gas produced will spread to the surrounding area, forming a powerful shock wave within a radius of 2 kilometers from the center of the explosion, which is enough to destroy all buildings:
The pressure of this shock wave is tens of millions of times that the human body can withstand, and it can directly squeeze a person to death.
The animator assumed that only 2% of the people in the area of the explosion radius of 0-2km survived. According to the calculation of the urban population density, within the radius of 2km, 120,000 people would die instantly:
The further away from the explosion center, the more difficult it is to count the number of deaths, and this is only the first scene of the disaster after a nuclear explosion.
After a nuclear bomb explodes, the surrounding temperature can reach hundreds of thousands of degrees. The high temperature will ignite people's clothes and skin, and the oxygen will be burned out. Countless people die from the high temperature and suffocation.
The scope of high temperature casualties can be expanded to 11 kilometers away:
As for the remote areas, the radiant energy generated by the explosion will cause third-degree burns to the exposed skin.
The people in the animation are blown up and buried by building debris. Those buildings that usually shelter us from wind and rain will be the culprit causing a large number of casualties.
The video producer assumes that 50% of the residents 2-11 kilometers from the explosion point will die from high temperature, suffocation, and buildings. Then, according to the calculation formula, the death toll will increase by 500,000.
Most of the dust and ashes produced by nuclear explosions are radioactive, and its propagation distance is affected by wind and other human interventions.
Because this time the simulation is an aerial detonation, the fall of radioactive dust will be much smaller than that of ground detonation. The video producer estimates that the number of deaths from 11 kilometers away is relatively small, and his figure is 100,000.
But if this time it was not an air strike but a ground detonation, the number of people who died from radiation and radiation would exceed the sum of all other deaths, and it would become unpredictable. The producer expanded the phalanx of casualties 11 kilometers away beyond the camera.
What makes people sad is that a large part of the people who survived did not escape from death.
This is a very torturing way.
The hazard after the detonation of nuclear weapons exists for a long time. It is different from the "one-off" explosion of ordinary explosions, and it is accompanied by radiation damage.
After a nuclear explosion, a variety of rays such as alpha rays, beta rays, and gamma rays will be released, destroying human cells and producing carcinogens. Quite a few survivors who desperately survived the explosion did not survive in the end:
Although this disaster is only an animation simulation, it is still thought-provoking after watching it.
The full version of this simulated animation has been included in the automatic reply of the original text. After reading it, you will definitely feel the value of peace.